Chicago federal crime attorney, Cook County federal crime attorney, Federal Crimes, mail and wire fraud, money schemeTechnology and ways to obtain money and products have revolutionized the world over the past several years. People purchase products from the Internet with the intention of enjoying them several days or weeks later once received in the mail. The transfer of money from one person to another has also been made easier as well.

However, with the use of technology and tracking devices, mail and wire fraud have become much more prevalent. Unfortunately, there have been far too many cases where mail and wire fraud have taken effect, and the consequences have always been far from desirable.

What is Mail Fraud?

Mail fraud is defined as the act of intending to create a scheme to defraud or obtain money by fraudulent promises. The act of mail fraud can also include but is not limited to:

  • Placing a fraudulent product in mailbox that will be delivered by the United States Postal Services;
  • Depositing a fraudulent product to be sent and delivered by mail;
  • Taking or receiving any mail intended for another person or business; and
  • Knowingly causing a fraudulent product to be sent out.

What is Wire Fraud?

Wire fraud is defined as the act of devising a scheme to defraud or receive money from false promises. Wire fraud can also include transmitting any writings, photos, electronic signals by wire, radio, or television communications from within the state, and potentially received or accessed by another individual in the state.

What Are the Consequences for Both Types of Fraud?

Anyone who commits mail or wire fraud will be convicted of a Class 3 felony. If anyone is found committing mail fraud, the offense will occur in the county where the mail has been deposited with the United States Postal Services or other carrier within the state.

If a person commits wire fraud, then the offense will occur in the county from where the wire transmission has been sent.

Contact Your Chicago Federal Crime Attorney

Mail and wire fraud are both very serious crimes that have undesirable consequences, and can include jail time, huge costs, and even decreased quality of life. Therefore, if you have been convicted of mail or wire fraud, you do not have to fight your case alone.

Attorney Hal M. Garfinkel has several years of experience in the federal crime practice and is ready to help you with your case. To schedule your free initial consultation, please contact the skilled Chicago federal crime attorney at the Law Offices of Hal M. Garfinkel. Call 312-629-0669 to get the help you deserve.


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Chicago federal crimes attorney, Cook County federal crimes attorney, criminal activity, federal crime, Money LaunderingMoney laundering is a serious crime that involves the misuse of finances from certain properties. There are several ways that money laundering can occur, and this act can lead to unwanted consequences for both the person who committed the crime and the person affected by the crime.

What is Money Laundering?

Money laundering is the act by which a person knowingly disguises proceeds of criminal conduct by making them appear to have been acquired from a legitimate source.

For example, a person commits the offense of money laundering when he or she conducts or attempts to conduct a financial transaction which involves criminally derived property and intends to promote the “carrying on of the unlawful activity from which the criminally derived property was obtained.”

Additionally, a person commits money laundering when he or she knows or reasonably should know that a financial transaction is designed (in whole or in part) to hide the “nature, the location, the source, the ownership, or the control of the criminally derived property.”

Any act of money laundering could mean a purchase, sale, loan, transfer, or delivery using property in a criminally derived manner. Movement of funds could be through the Internet or in person, and could even include transferring the title to any personal property.

Consequences of Money Laundering

If a person commits money laundering of criminally derived property valuing less than $10,000, then he or she will face a Class 3 felony. Any money laundering of property valuing between $10,000 and $100,000 will result in a Class 2 felony.

If the crime of committing money laundering involves property with the value of between $100,000 and $500,000, then the person who commits this crime will face a Class 1 felony. If the money laundering involves property with the value of over $500,000, then the consequence is a Class 1 non-probationable felony.

Contact Your Chicago Federal Crimes Attorney

There are several different ways to commit money laundering, and parties face consequences once the crime has been committed. With the Law Offices of Hal M. Garfinkel by your side, you do not have to go through the process alone.

If you have been accused of money laundering, it is essential that you retain aggressive criminal defense to ensure your rights are protected. Attorney Garfinkel, a former prosecutor, has more than 20 years of experience and has taken on federal criminal cases across the country.

For further questions, please call an experienced Chicago federal crimes attorney at 312-629-0669 to schedule your free initial consultation.


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Chicago drug crime, Chicago drug crime defense lawyer, drug paraphernalia, drug paraphernalia possession, drug possessionDrugs have been a major concern in Chicago and the surrounding Cook County suburbs for decades. One issue that many do not take into consideration is that drug possession and selling drug paraphernalia can lead to serious consequences.

Drug Paraphernalia Defined

Drug paraphernalia is defined as any equipment, products, and materials intentionally used to plant, cultivate, grow, manufacture, store, conceal, and ingest in an unlawful manner. Objects used to unlawfully ingest, inject, or inhale drugs include but are not limited to:

  • Cocaine spoons and vials
  • Bongs;
  • Carburetion devices;
  • Electric and air-driven pipes; and
  • Chillers.

What Charges Will a Person Face When Possessing Drug Paraphernalia?

If a person possesses any drug paraphernalia with the intent to inhale, ingest, or inject the product, then he or she will be guilty of a Class A misdemeanor and will need to pay a minimum fine of $750 with any other penalty prescribed. If the person prepares marijuana or other controlled substances, then he or she will also be charged with a Class A misdemeanor and a minimum $750 fine.

What Charges Will a Person Face When Selling Drug Paraphernalia?

If a person knowingly sells or delivers any drug paraphernalia, then he or she will automatically commit a Class 4 felony. The offender will face a minimum $1,000 fine for each item.

If the offender is 18 years old or older and sells or delivers any drug paraphernalia to a minor, then he or she will be convicted of a Class 3 felony.

Any offender who delivers or sells to a woman whom he or she knows to be pregnant will automatically be convicted of a Class 2 felony.

Finally, any premises, place, or store “from which or in which any item of drug paraphernalia is kept for sale, offered for sale, sold, or delivered for any commercial consideration” is proclaimed to be a public nuisance.

Contact Your Cook County Federal Crime Attorney

A state drug charge conviction can ruin your life, your family, and your reputation. Therefore, if you have been charged with drug paraphernalia possession, or the offense you are charged with involves distribution or drug trafficking, then it is in your best interest to speak with a skilled and aggressive Chicago drug crime defense lawyer. Get the assistance you deserve and speak with someone who will stand by your side each step of the way. Contact Attorney Hal M. Garfinkel today by phone at 312-629-0669, by fax, or by email to schedule your free initial consultation.


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Chicago federal crime attorney, Cook County sex crimes defense attorney, sex offender, sexual assault, sexual violenceCollege students are returning to their campuses and parties will soon begin. Unfortunately, where there are parties there are also instances of sexual assault and violence. However, these instances can easily be prevented by abiding by college rules and policies.

Sexual Assault Statistics

In Illinois, as many as 20 percent of female students and 6 percent of male students experience some type of sexual assault or violence while enrolled in college. Moreover, nearly one quarter of female students are affected by sexual assault and violence, and therefore need to turn to certain organizations for help to return to a better life.

Across the United States, there have been several concerns over the higher rates of sexual assault and violence, therefore generating public interest, new federal regulations, and intense focus on such matters. Over several years, state coalitions nationwide have partnered with college campuses to bring awareness of sexual assault and violence to college students.

Sexual Assault Consequences

The state of Illinois emphasizes that the act of committing sexual assault or violence is a Class 1 felony, with a punishment of four to 15 years in prison. If a sex offender has been previously convicted of sexual assault, then he or she will have committed a Class X felony, and will be sentenced to prison for no less than 30 years but no more than 60 years.

Aggravated criminal sexual assault, defined as criminal sexual assault but with a dangerous weapon, bodily harm, and threatening life of the affected person, is punishable by a Class X felony and as much as a life sentence to prison.

Contact Your Cook County Federal Crime Attorney

College parties can be a fun and liberating way to bring students together. However, the results of partying are too often not favorable. Sexual assault and violence can easily damage both parties’ reputations and self-esteem, although there are many resources and organizations available by those affected by sexual assault and violence.

Attorney Hal M. Garfinkel has many years of experience representing his clients affected by federal crimes, and he is willing to move forward with your case. If you have been accused of sexual assault or another sex crime, please call the Law Offices of Hal M. Garfinkel at 312-629-0669 to receive assistance from our skilled Chicago sex crimes defense lawyer.


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