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Illionois defense attorney,  Illinois criminal defense lawyerFirst, there was the term 'photobombing,’ and now there is a new phrase floating around called ‘Zoom bombing,’ While hackers, like those that intrude into photos when they are not welcome, may think that these hijinks are funny, they are actually a crime. And because it involves computer technology, it is considered a federal offense. These crimes come with serious penalties and could have lifelong impacts on those convicted.

What Is Zoom?

Zoom is a cloud-based video service that allows you to meet virtually with other people. Like Skype and FaceTime, it allows people to talk to each other while also being able to see them. When using Zoom, a person can make conference calls in which several people can be included in the conversation and see each other all at once. Many people that work at home use Zoom, as it does not require physically being in the same location. In 2019, however, over 50 percent of Fortune 500 companies reportedly used the platform.


Posted by on in Federal Crimes

Illionois defense attorney,  Illinois criminal defense lawyerWhen a person makes statements under oath, they have sworn to tell the truth. If they intentionally lie, they may face perjury charges. A person providing sworn testimony knowing that it was false is often the first type of perjury people think of when they imagine this crime. There is another type of perjury under federal law, however: suborning perjury.

Suborning Perjury

BuzzFeed made headlines in January with a story surrounding suborning perjury. In their report, they state Trump committed the crime of suborning perjury after directing Michael Cohen to lie to Congress. Since that publication, CNN has reported Special counsel Robert Mueller has disputed the Buzzfeed report. Still, it has gotten people asking: what is suborning perjury?


Posted by on in White Collar Crime
Illionois defense attorney, Illinois federal crimes lawyer, Illinois criminal defense lawyerEven with the widely publicized arrest and later conviction of Martha Stewart for insider trading, many people still are not aware of what this crime entails. Many also think that it is a crime of the affluent or those that have acquired fame, perhaps due to the Stewart scandal in 2003. However, people are charged with insider trading more often than many think. So, what does this crime involve? And what are the penalties associated with it?

Insider Trading Defined

Insider trading is when an individual has a fiduciary duty to another individual, institution, corporation, or other entity and makes an investment decision based on information that is not available the general public. The decision can be made in order to profit from that investment or to avoid losses in others. In the Martha Stewart case, she sold her ImClone stocks in order to avoid a loss. Interestingly, insider trading has only been considered a crime in the past several decades. Early in the twentieth century, the Supreme Court actually called insider trading an advantage of being an executive. After the opulent 1920s, and the subsequent Great Depression, public opinion shifted, and the courts’ did as well. It was at this time that insider trading was no longer allowed, and when the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 was created.

Penalties for Insider Trading

The penalties for insider trading will vary, depending on the nature and severity of the case. Most of the time, the penalties will include a combination of fines and jail times. In Stewart’s case, she was forced to pay $30,000 and spent five months in federal prison. Over the past several years, the Securities Exchange Commission (SEC) has also been working to disallow anyone convicted of insider trading to serve as an executive in a publicly-traded company.

Defending an Insider Trader Charge

Like any other crime, the prosecution in an insider trading case must prove that the defendant is guilty beyond a reasonable doubt. In insider trading cases specifically, they must prove that securities were actually sold or purchased, that it happened while the defendant had knowledge not available to the general public, and that the information was material. In order for the information to be material, it must be proven that another investor would have thought the information was relevant when determining whether to sell or purchase securities. A proper defense can challenge any of these elements. If the media had leaked information pertaining to a certain security, it would be considered general knowledge the public had access to. Or, perhaps the information was not material and so, should not be considered relevant in an insider trading case. All of these defenses are possibilities, but no one should ever try to fight these serious charges on their own.

Contact a Chicago Federal Crimes Lawyer

If you have been charged with insider trading, or any other federal crime, contact a skilled Chicago federal crimes lawyer in Chicago that can help. At the Law Offices of Hal M. Garfinkel LLC, Chicago Criminal Defense Attorney, we know how to defend charges like these, and we will get to work right away to prepare you the best possible defense. Do not take a chance on your future. Call us today at 312-629-0669 for a free consultation so we can start reviewing your case.


Illionois defense attorney, Illinois federal crimes lawyer, Illinois criminal defense lawyerWith the simple click of a button, one can commit a federal crime by making a baseless threat to a school or other public space. The FBI reports that hoax threats have seen a recent uptick in frequency. Most hoax threats a type of internet crime as they are made through text messages, by email, or on social media.

The FBI believes that these hoax threats are incited by major recent tragedies like school shootings. According to the FBI, these threats are fully investigated when the FBI learns of them. It cautions that hoax threats are not funny and can have immensely negative consequences for all involved.

Hoax threats are considered to be a federal crime because they often utilize interstate communication. People who post or send such threats may receive five years in prison. Perpetrators can also face state or local charges.

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