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Illionois defense attorney,  Illinois criminal defense lawyerFederal offenses are often misunderstood, mainly because people are more familiar with state crimes that are prosecuted at the state level. Federal crimes are those that violate federal law and, although state law often mirrors this law, there are times when the crime has certain elements that make it a federal offense. A drug crime, for example, violates state law but if the crime involves a border crossing, it becomes a federal crime. Drug offenses are one of the most common federal crimes, as are weapons crimes and white-collar crimes.

Drug Crimes

Any offense that violates the federal Controlled Substances Act is considered a federal crime. Drug crimes are some of the most common offenses at the state level too, but there are some significant differences between the two. For example, while many states have legalized marijuana use, even in these states it is illegal to consume the drug on federal property. If someone was found consuming marijuana on federal property, they could face federal charges, although it would be unlikely.

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Posted by on in Fraud

Illionois defense attorney,  Illinois criminal defense lawyerWhen most people think of tax fraud, they typically think of a person that tries to avoid paying the proper taxes they owe and then get charged with tax evasion. While that is certainly one type of criminal offense involving taxes, there are others as well. These offenses fall under the umbrella term of tax fraud and many people can be charged with these crimes, including accountants, without even realizing that they engaged in criminal activity.

What Is Tax Fraud?

Tax fraud, in its simplest terms, occurs when a person makes intentional misrepresentations, or false statements, on a tax return, or a person falsifies tax documents. Tax evasion, on the other hand, refers to using illegal means to avoid paying taxes. Tax fraud is governed under 26 U.S.C. 7206 (1) and under this statute, a person may face charges of tax fraud if they:

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Posted by on in Federal Crimes

Illionois defense attorney,  Illinois criminal defense lawyerIn its most basic form, perjury is defined as lying under oath and it is a federal offense. There are two federal statutes that define perjury. The first outlines general perjury, while the other defines making false declarations before a court or grand jury. Although these statutes differ slightly, with one requiring a federal court proceeding, the definition of the act of perjury largely remains the same. That definition may seem simple, but there are five elements that must be met in order for the prosecution to secure a conviction.

Perjury Must Happen Under Oath

A person can make false statements when they are not under oath and it is not considered perjury. For an offense to have been committed, a witness must have promised to provide honest statements to a person that has the authority to administer the oath, such as a court official. The proceeding in which someone takes an oath must also be considered “competent,” or comply with the law.

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Posted by on in Fraud

credit-card-fraudIt was in late March that a major credit card fraud ring was shut down, an effort that was coordinated between Russia’s Federal Security Service (FSB) and United States law enforcement. One man is believed to be the mastermind behind over 40 websites on the dark web that were used to collect and sell stolen credit cards. The man and his associates used cryptocurrency to move hundreds of millions of dollars gained from the credit card theft, and it was this gain that the American authorities seized.

Although stealing credit cards is one type of credit card fraud, there are others that happen very frequently, as well. Three of the most common types of fraud that are considered federal offenses are below.

Phishing Scams

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Illionois defense attorney,  Illinois criminal defense lawyerIn many scenarios when someone has been charged with a crime, they have the hope of a plea bargain, particularly if the prosecution has built a strong case against them. Many people understand the concept of plea bargains, largely due to the fact that television shows and movies often include them within the plot of the story. When faced with a criminal trial, though, people are prone to wonder if the prosecution will offer a plea bargain and, if so, whether or not they should accept one.

Although plea bargains are quite common in state courts, they are typically rarely offered in federal court, for many reasons. If offered one, it is in the accused’s best interests to work with a federal criminal defense lawyer that can determine if the plea bargain is in their best interests.

Advantages of Plea Bargains

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